Quiltmakers often choose cotton quilting fabric. New quiltmakers should understand some fabric terminology. In this article we explore 5 fabric terms. Learning these terms helps avoid frustrating and costly mistakes.
First we look at a bolt. A bolt is a cardboard tube or flat plank. Fabric manufacturers roll long lengths of fabric onto the bolt to sell to stores and other manufacturers. The 16 second video below is from Hoffman Fabrics. It shows fabric loading onto a bolt.
Width of Fabric (WOF)
Second, we look at Width of Fabric. Width of fabric is the distance between the selvage edges of fabric. WOF is width of fabric.
The tightly woven area of fabric along both edges of the lengthwise grain.
Directional Quilting Fabric
Depending on the design, fabric can be directional or non-directional. Directional fabric is best viewed from one direction. The four images that follow are from the Jungle Jamboree Collection by Kanvas Studio from Benertex Fabrics.
First we have Little Lions, a non-directional fabric. The lions appear to be tossed into the air. The lions can be viewed from any direction.
In summary of what we just learned, the next video gives a good description.
Video demonstrating width of fabric, selvage and directional fabric.
Usable Fabric Width
Finally we look at usable fabric width. Quilting fabric is about 44-45″ wide. This includes the selvages. The fabric between the selvages is the usable fabric width. If the selvage is wide, the usable width will be smaller. If the fabric shrinks after washing, the width will be smaller.
Video demonstrating the usable fabric width.